Related Items: Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, October 11, 2017 – Nassau – Globally, it is estimated that one out of five persons in the workplace will experience a mental health condition, Dr. Keva Thompson, Consultant on Non-Communicable Diseases, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) said.Despite this, there is a lack of awareness of mental health in the workplace, Dr. Thompson said during the opening ceremony of ‘World Mental Health Day’ Symposium hosted by Public Hospitals Authority at Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre, October 10, 2017. She said, furthermore, people with mental illnesses typically conceal their illnesses for fear of discrimination and stigmatization when looking for or keeping a job.Dr. Thompson noted that the WHO in collaboration with the World Mental Health Federation celebrates World Mental Health on October 10 each year with the objectives of raising awareness of mental health issues around the world, and mobilizing support for mental health. This year’s theme is ‘Mental Health in the Workplace’.Dr. Thompson said, “Depression in workers is a leading cause of loss of work productivity, sick leave and premature retirement. “Research has found that the treatment of depression results in a 40 to 60 per cent reduction in absenteeism and/or ‘presenteeism.’“A $1 investment in the treatment of depression or anxiety leads to a return of $4 in better health and the ability to work.”She explained that mental health problems have direct impact in the workplace through increases in absenteeism, reduction in productivity at work, increase in disability claims, injuries, illnesses, grievances, high turnover of professionals and legal implications.“Annually, the global cost of mental health problems in 2010 was estimated at US$2.5 trillion; two thirds of this was directly linked to indirect costs.”Dr. Thompson said those indirect costs typically are absenteeism and lost productivity. Alarmingly, this number is expected to balloon to US$6 trillion by 2030. She said employers should proactively address poor mental health and depression in the workplace to increase productivity, to reduce costs, and more importantly to support a healthier employee base.The Consultant added that it is important for both the employer and the co-workers to be able to recognize the signs of poor mental health and depression in the workplace.She explained that employers can become agents of change and promote mental health in the workplace by considering measures such as:Increasing awareness of mental health issues, and diminishing stressful workplace risk factors;Developing an organizational climate that promotes well-being and creativity;Facilitating access to healthcare for employees who may need it;Being understanding and flexible to the needs of employees, and understanding their personal situations;Combating stigma and encouraging open discussions in the workplace about mental health.She said, similarly, colleagues can support those struggling with mental health conditions by making it clear that they want to help, showing they are willing to listen without argument and offering support, while encouraging them to seek professional assistance.Dr. Thompson pointed out: “If you think for a minute that [a] person is in immediate danger, do not leave him or her alone, but seek help from the emergency services, crisis hotline or a healthcare professional.“You should also stay in touch with that person and check in and see how they are doing.”Dr. Thompson said a healthy work environment is important to positive mental health: “A mental health-friendly environment values diversity, offers healthcare that incorporates mental health, has programmes and practices that promote and support health and wellness, provides training for personnel to increase awareness of mental health issues and impact on the workplace, safeguards employee confidentiality, supports employees who seek treatment or require hospitalization or disability leave.“Globally, the best companies have long [recognized] that employee well-being is a key element in a successful and happy workplace.“How our employees feel about stress, pressure at work and life balance is integral to the company’s potential for sustainable growth and development,” Dr. Thompson said.By: Llonella Gilbert (BIS)Photo caption: Dr. Keva Thompson, Consultant on Non-Communicable Diseases, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) brings remarks during the opening ceremony of ‘World Mental Health Day Symposium’ hosted by the Public Hospitals Authority at Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre, October 10, 2017.(BIS Photo/Derek Smith) Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp
© 2011 PhysOrg.com Burmese python (Python molurus bivittatus) Image: Wikipedia. It all started back in 1976 with Headland, when he and his new wife picked up and moved to the Philippines to live amongst a native people called the Agta Negritos; a hunter-gatherer culture that lived in the mountainous region of the island of Luzon (largest in the Philippines and scene of an epic battle in World War II). It was while living there that Headland became fascinated by the intertwining relationship between the Agta and pythons that lived in the same area. He found that not only did the occasional python attack and sometimes kill and eat the occasional Agta, but sometimes the tables were turned and the Agta killed and ate the occasional python. Thus the people and the snakes were both predator and prey; and as if that weren’t enough, they were also competitors for many of the same food sources, i.e. animals that lived in the area, such as pigs, deer and monkey’s.So intrigued was Headland by this relationship that he began to interview the Agta with the aim of separating fact from folk lore. He discovered that during the period between the late 1940’s to the 1970’s, twenty six percent of the men had been attacked at least once by a python (but only one woman) and that there had been six fatal attacks including one where a python slipped into a hut and killed and ate two children. Per Headland’s calculations, that came to an attack every two or three years, which would seem like just enough to instill a very healthy fear in the people that lived there.But it wasn’t all one-sided, during the same time period, Headland either wasn’t able, or chose to not calculate the number of pythons killed by the Agta, but makes it very clear that the numbers of the snakes killed by people were far higher than the number of people killed by snakes. And by most accounts, each time, the snakes were eaten.Because of what he’d found in the Philippines, Headland contacted Harry Greene at Cornell University to see if he had any evidence of other such relationships in the historical record. After searching, Greene found many accounts describing much the same thing in other cultures living in the same habitat as other large constrictors.The two then assembled what they’d found and wrote up their paper, and in it suggest that humans and snakes have a very long and antagonistic history with most of it existing as mortal enemies. They suggest that prior to the invention of iron weapons, which gave humans the upper hand, the relationship between people and snakes could have led to the fear that humans now feel at the very sight of virtually any snake, and possibly vice versa. (PhysOrg.com) — Because we humans are able to write down our greatest fears, we’ve managed to amass quite a library of frightful things over the past several hundred years. One particular fear that seems to crop up with some regularity is ophidiophobia, the fear of snakes. Most people don’t even need to see a snake to feel that bit of fear, just the mere mention of the word “snake” can cause the hair on the back of the neck to stand up and that bit of panic to gnarl in the gut. Now, anthropologists Thomas Headland and Harry Greene offer some clues as to why that may be. In their paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they suggest that primates, and humans in particular, may have a longer, more intricate relationship with snakes than has been previously thought. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Researcher uses card trick to reveal unconscious knowledge Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Explore further Citation: Anthropologist offers view of snakes as predatory, prey, and competitor (2011, December 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-anthropologist-view-snakes-predatory-prey.html More information: Hunter–gatherers and other primates as prey, predators, and competitors of snakes, PNAS, Published online before print December 12, 2011, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1115116108AbstractRelationships between primates and snakes are of widespread interest from anthropological, psychological, and evolutionary perspectives, but surprisingly, little is known about the dangers that serpents have posed to people with prehistoric lifestyles and nonhuman primates. Here, we report ethnographic observations of 120 Philippine Agta Negritos when they were still preliterate hunter–gatherers, among whom 26% of adult males had survived predation attempts by reticulated pythons. Six fatal attacks occurred between 1934 and 1973. Agta ate pythons as well as deer, wild pigs, and monkeys, which are also eaten by pythons, and therefore, the two species were reciprocally prey, predators, and potential competitors. Natural history data document snake predation on tree shrews and 26 species of nonhuman primates as well as many species of primates approaching, mobbing, killing, and sometimes eating snakes. These findings, interpreted within the context of snake and primate phylogenies, corroborate the hypothesis that complex ecological interactions have long characterized our shared evolutionary history.