Clarksburg, In. — The wife of a Franklin County pastor has died after her car was swept into flood waters New Year’s Day.Carol Jackson, 63, of Clarksburg, was swept into a swollen Pipe Creek around 6:30 p.m. New Year’s Eve. Her husband, Jerran Jackson pastor of the Clarksburg Christain Church contacted 911 for help. Rescuers found her car around 9 a.m. Tuesday and recovered her body around 3:30 p.m. near Walnut Fork and Pipe Creek Roads.Indiana Conservation Officer safety divers, Franklin County Sheriff’s Department, Indiana State Police Aviation, Brookville Volunteer Fire Department, Oldenburg Fire Department and Auxiliary, Clarksburg Volunteer Fire Department, Laurel Volunteer Fire Department, Laurel Police Department, Batesville Fire and Ambulance, Rescue 24, Hamilton County Ohio District 8, and more than 150 volunteers assisted.The family has established a GoFundme account here.
The Pangolin Consortium, a partnership between six U.S. zoos and Pangolin Conservation, an NGO, launched a project in 2014 which today houses fifty White-bellied tree pangolins (Phataginus tricuspis).Common knowledge says that pangolins are almost impossible to keep alive in captivity, but the consortium has done basic research to boost survival rates, traveling to Africa and working with a company, EnviroFlight, to develop a natural nutritious insect-derived diet for pangolins in captivity.While some conservationists are critical of the project, actions by the Pangolin Consortium have resulted in high captive survival rates, and even in the successful breeding of pangolins in captivity.The Pangolin Consortium is able to conduct basic research under controlled conditions at zoos on pangolin behavior and health – research that can’t be done in the wild. Zoos can also present pangolins to the public, educating about their endangered status, improving conservation funding. Captive pangolins can teach researchers much about species behavior and breeding, information that could be valuable to protecting the animals in the wild. Photo by Jim Schulz courtesy of the Chicago Zoological Society“When we first started talking about pangolins, people thought we were saying ‘penguin,’” says Amy Roberts, Curator of Mammals at Chicago’s Brookfield Zoo. That remains a problem, even today, with the majority of Americans still not knowing what pangolins look like, much less how much deep trouble they’re in.This is just one issue addressed by the Pangolin Consortium – a partnership of six U.S. zoos, along with the Florida-based NGO, Pangolin Conservation. This alliance, begun in 2014, now holds around fifty African White-bellied tree pangolins (Phataginus tricuspis) including a few born in captivity.Which is remarkable, considering that the common wisdom is that captive pangolins almost always quickly waste away and die.There are eight species of wild Asian and African pangolins in the world today, all under extreme pressure from illegal trafficking – especially due to hunting for bushmeat and use of their scales in traditional medicine.Often called the world’s most trafficked mammal, all eight species are considered by the IUCN to be threatened with extinction. Numbers of the Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) have declined by 90 percent, and recent research showed that 2.71 million pangolins of the African species are killed every year in Central Africa, an increase of 145 percent since 2000.Some conservationists argue that pangolins – with such rapidly plummeting wild populations, and perceived high rates of mortality in zoos – should not be held at all in captivity. But the Pangolin Consortium argues just the opposite: to conserve remaining wild populations, scientists need to know far more about these unusual animals, data that can only be gleaned under controlled conditions like those seen in zoos.The Pangolin Consortium is working diligently to gain that knowledge, and has already made significant breakthroughs. And the more they learn about captive pangolins, say these experts, the more hope there may be for wild ones.Though protected by law, White-bellied tree pangolins (Phataginus tricuspis) were recently offered as smoked bushmeat in the Kantamanto Market in Accra, Ghana. Photo by Alex WilesDespite international and national pangolin protections, these pangolin scales were offered for sale in a rural village in Togo. The scales are falsely believed to have healing properties and used in traditional medicine in parts of Africa and Asia. The scales are made of keratin, the same material as human nails and hair. Photo by Justin MillerThe captive pangolin dietDiet was widely supposed to be the biggest problem with keeping pangolins healthy and alive in captivity, so that was the first problem that Justin Miller, founder of Pangolin Conservation, set out to solve.In the wild pangolins eat insects, using a long, sticky tongue similar to that of an anteater. This diet can be challenging to replicate for a number of reasons. “For a long time, zoos fed them everything from mince meat to dog food, milk, eggs – nothing insect-based –just readily available food that the pangolin would accept,” Miller says.He had become familiar with research done in Taipei, Taiwan where zoos achieved success at keeping and breeding the local pangolin species, data that clarified some key dietary factors. However, just adopting the Taipei diet wasn’t an option, as it included ingredients not readily available in the United States, such as bee larvae and silkworm pupae.So Miller initiated his own research in 2013. First he needed to figure out exactly what wild White-bellied tree pangolins eat. He went to Africa to observe pangolin eating habits and to collect insects, sending them back to the U.S. for nutritional analysis. Miller recalls that he needed a lot of bugs, so he hired locals to gather them, despite the fact that this wasn’t the most appealing business opportunity.Termites were collected in West Africa during reproductive swarms for nutritional analysis and to determine pangolins’ natural diet. Photo by Justin Miller“It was hard to convince people to catch ants,” he says. “When I tried to show them how, it was just entertainment to watch me be bitten en masse during a few failures. I had to start an impressive system of supply and demand with ant prices changing daily, and even hourly, to get the amounts needed.”Next Miller had to convert that nutritional analysis into a food product using ingredients readily available in the United States. Sourcing those ingredients involved networking and creativity. One important consultant was John Gramieri, the Austin, Texas Zoo’s general curator, and former director of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) Taxon Advisory Group in charge of xeanrthrans (anteaters, armadillos and sloths), aardvarks and pangolins.Gramieri had helped develop a similar insect-derived diet for captive armadillos, shifting the animals away from the meat diet generally served them in zoos. “I bemoaned the fact that there was very little opportunity in this country to buy insect matter in a manner that was cost effective,” Gramieri says. “If you wanted to feed an armadillo nothing but mealworms, that was incredibly expensive.”The prepared diet developed for pangolins consists of farmed insects and other ingredients nutritious to pangolins and offered in a moist crumble. Photo by Justin MillerThen, one day, someone showed him a United Nations report on insects for human consumption, and it mentioned a company called EnviroFlight. The firm was raising black soldier flies and producing rose fertilizer from their castings and fish food from their larvae. He sent EnviroFlight an email, wondering if there was some chance he could get the raw insects minus the processing.“They called me and said, ‘We’ve got two tons of this stuff in the freezer, what do you want to do with it?’” he says.This led to a couple years research developing an ideal insect-based armadillo diet, which put Gramieri in the perfect position to advise Miller and connect the pangolin researcher with suppliers. Again, Enviroflight turned out to be an excellent collaborator and supplier, but then the delivered insect larvae caused practical problems.“First we got [the larvae] in whole, and they broke a bunch of machines because they gummed them up,” says Jennifer Watts, director of nutrition at the Brookfield Zoo.A specially prepared diet composed of dried insects and other nutritious ingredients is offered to pangolins in “slow feeders” to encourage natural behaviors like clawing. Photo by Justin Miller“The only way we could effectively grind them up, because of the [high] fat content, was to put dry ice with them, freeze them, then grind them,” Miller relates. “But then EnviroFlight said, ‘we can use a cold press, and we can press out the fat and give you what’s left over.’” The company was also able to modify the amount of protein and nutrients in the larvae based on what they were fed.Once Miller designed a nutritionally complete pangolin diet, he acclimated the animals to it while they were still in Africa. “I started them off on their wild diet of ants and termites, and then slowly switched them over to the prepared diet,” he says. This way, when the animals arrived in the U.S., they didn’t need to be persuaded to eat strange food while also acclimating to new surroundings. Lessening stress, the researchers were learning, meant happier, healthier pangolins.Pangolins transported in custom-built crates designed to provide security and reduce stress. Photo by Justin MillerPreparing for the big moveAnother reason pangolins have done poorly in captivity historically is that often captive animals in the past were rescues from trafficking confiscations, so they started out in poor health, which only got worse.Confiscated pangolins “have been in stressful conditions, either obtained from bushmeat markets or hunters,” explains Miller. “They can go through capture myopathy – a buildup of stress that ends up damaging their heart muscles.” When that happens, animals may appear to be doing well, but there is [cardiac] damage, “and then any sort of stressful event can lead to heart failure.”This and other health deficits due to illegal wildlife trafficking puts the animals at a high risk of dying in transit, or shortly thereafter.In contrast, the Pangolin Consortium did everything possible to assure that the animals brought to the U.S. beginning in 2015 started out in good health. While still in their native countries, the pangolins were treated for parasites and infections, with Miller assessing each individual. “Any specimens that showed signs of stress, or any other factors that made them poor candidates, were released into safe areas near their original collection sites [in the wild].” That turned out to be about thirty percent. The remaining captive pangolins were adapted slowly to the presence of people and unusual noises, “primarily consisting of NPR [National Public Radio] and [electric] fans,” Miller says.Miller also minimized the stress and risk of travel, replacing the shocks on transport vehicles to give a smoother ride. “All vans had air conditioning, and I had a spare van follow us in case of vehicle problems. We only traveled during the night so the otherwise busy roads would be clear and allow for shorter transit time and cooler weather in case of air conditioner problems,” he relates. “I never let any specimens out of my sight until they were loaded onto the plane. Even then, I stayed at the cargo warehouse until the plane was in the sky.”An adult male White-bellied tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis), photographed at Pangolin Conservation in St Augustine, Florida. Photo by Dev LeeSettling inOnce in the United States, the first priority was to ensure the wellbeing of the pangolins. Only one was put on public exhibit, at Brookfield, while the rest remained in seclusion.“What everyone has committed to is making sure these animals are well established behind the scenes,” says Gramieri. “We want to do a full and detailed analysis of their behavior, their hormone values, their food consumption. We want to be able to assess that in a private, non-trafficked space, so if we do put them on display, we’ll be able to see if their behavior changes at all.”At Brookfield, the researchers will be analyzing stress hormones, determining the estrous cycle, and monitoring pregnancies – natural processes never scientifically observed in this, or pretty much in any African pangolin species.“We are collecting fecals on everyone, every day, for the first year,” Roberts says. The animals are kept in slightly different environments, to see if minor variations affect their behaviors and health. For example, two settings utilize true reverse lighting to simulate nocturnal conditions, while another allows some daylight in. “There are differences in keeper activity, humidity, noise. We’re tracking [all of that] so we can correlate down the road with the fecal hormone results.”The founder of Pangolin Conservation, Justin Miller, offers water to a rescued female White-bellied tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis). This animal, captured in the wild by a poacher, was discovered in a plastic bag carried by a motorcyclist who was bringing it to a restaurant in Lomé, Togo’s capital city. Another plastic bag was also confiscated at the time; it contained a weak newborn pangolin pup which had been born to the captive female the night before. Many pangolins die in the hands of smuggling networks, without ever reaching market. Photo by Alex WilesMeanwhile, Miller’s facility is starting a study, analyzing stress hormones in any pangolins utilized in public outreach presentations to make sure those individuals are not being negatively impacted.It’s hoped that all of this advance planning, attention to detail and careful research is likely to increase the chance of success with Phataginus tricuspis, as is the coordination and communication within the consortium.“We’ve never been in a better position within the zoological community to quickly exchange information between facilities and rapidly analyze data like nutritional requirements,” Miller reports. “For example, say our animals have their blood analyzed and it shows a nutritional deficiency. We can then rapidly alter the diet, send it off for analysis, and follow up with new blood work weeks later.”In addition, Grameiri’s research has now led him to question the conventional wisdom that pangolins do poorly in captivity. In fact, he says, their lifespans at zoos were improving even before the Pangolin Consortium project began. He has analyzed longevity records and found survival trend statistics that are much better than the figures often cited, which he says incorrectly interpreted data from currently living animals. By analyzing records of 296 pangolins held in zoos since the animals first appear in records in 1954, he found that the captive lifespan has steadily increased. The 45 animals in zoos at the time of his analysis had been in human care for an average 7 years 8 months, which included many that had been in captivity more than ten years so far.Justin Miller, collecting weaver ants in West Africa for nutritional analysis. The development of a natural food specifically designed to meet the dietary needs of captive pangolins was a major breakthrough for researchers seeking to improve the survival rate of pangolins in zoos. Photo by Steven TillisBreeding pangolinsHelping pangolins survive better in captivity is one thing, breeding pangolins in captivity is quite another matter. Miller says that captive breeding was never a realistic possibility before in Western zoos, because most facilities had so few animals to work with, and because many had been confiscation rescues in poor health.But there was evidence it could be possible – the Taipei Zoo bred Formosan pangolins to the third generation. And indeed, the Pangolin Consortium project has already seen successful zoo births. Most offspring, like two recently weaned at Brookfield, had mothers already pregnant when they arrived at the zoo. However, in November, Miller’s facility saw a successful birth from an animal bred since arriving.Maintaining genetic diversity is important for captive populations, and advance planning is underway to assure it. “We’re doing genetic work on each and every individual of all the founder animals to figure out which to breed together for the maximum amount of diversity,” says Miller. “For a lot of species we don’t have that [baseline data] for the founder stock.”While there are no current plans to release captive animals to the wild – where the situation for pangolins is still dire – this attention to genetic health of a captive population will be important for any future reintroductions.A White-bellied tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis). Photo by Jim Schulz courtesy of the Chicago Zoological SocietyAmbassadors and moreSome conservationists have objected to the strategy of bringing pangolins into captivity.Along with the concerns about maintaining them in good health in captivity – an issue that the Pangolin Constortium’s work seems to be addressing successfully – another concern that has been expressed is that the collecting of pangolins for zoos places additional pressure on wild populations. Gramieri thinks it’s worth looking at the statistics: according to conservative estimates “there’s more than a pangolin an hour being poached.” Compared to poaching figures in the millions, the number of animals that have been taken into zoos is miniscule.Pangolin Consortium participants argue that the contribution their efforts make to preserving pangolins in the wild far outweigh the capture of small numbers of individuals, and they have taken significant steps toward that goal. For example, every U.S. zoo that received pangolins was required to pledge its support to in situ conservation. “All the facilities signed off on a strict set of agreements to ensure that this collaborative consortium facilitated research and conservation goals,” says Miller. This includes a mandatory yearly donation that will be pooled and distributed to selected grant applicants who are conducting in situ and ex situ conservation projects.The consortium is also assisting conservation in the wild in other ways. Knowledge gained about the behaviors and breeding of captive pangolins will almost certainly provide useful information that will help their wild relatives.“We’re doing research that would be very difficult in the wild,” says Miller. For example, existing pangolin “reproduction data was grossly inaccurate – such as gestation and age of maturity, basic modeling of the population and what is sustainable – none of this is [currently] known, and all can be based off data [gathered] from our captive population.”The careful veterinary attention given to captive pangolins, and veterinary knowledge gained, also has the potential to aid wild populations, especially animals seized from traffickers and in need of immediate medical care and rehabilitation in preparation for return to the wild.The Pangolin Consortium today houses fifty White-bellied tree pangolins (Phataginus tricuspis). Photo by Jim Schulz courtesy of the Chicago Zoological SocietyMiller says it’s unclear how effective current rehabilitation practices are, but notes that the baseline health data gathered at the zoos could be critical to contributing to the health of confiscated and wild populations. He points out that this is information that cannot be easily gathered or analyzed in rehab facilities.Rehab centers “may never have seen a healthy pangolin heart,” he says. “They could be releasing specimens that won’t fare well because they have damaged hearts.” Data from a healthy captive population will make it possible to more accurately assess the health of rehabbed animals before release, upping their chances for survival back in the wild.There is one last argument in support of the Pangolin Consortium’s captive pangolin program, which brings us back to where this story began: nobody is likely to care about conserving pangolins if they’ve never heard of them, and can’t even keep pangolins straight from penguins.When it comes to conservation, public education, recognition and awareness matters. That’s clearly why the Eastern mountain gorilla is receiving significant amounts of conservation funding today, while the Bornean white-bearded gibbon is not.Gramieri points out that while only one pangolin is on exhibit right now, when it becomes possible to display more, the combined consortium zoos could potentially expose more than seven million visitors per year to this amazing keritan-armored animal.“We think this is a very important way of getting the American people involved in the plight of the pangolin,” Gramieri says.Put that potential for education together with the financial and research support for in situ conservation, and the Pangolin Consortium can be seen as a bold innovator: offering a proactive conservation model by which zoos support in situ species survival. Says Gramieri, “This is exactly what zoos are supposed to do.”FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.Note: A number of Mongabay readers have asked for a complete list of the Pangolin Consortium partners. They are the Brookfield Zoo, Gladys Porter Zoo, Columbus Zoo, Pittsburgh Zoo, Turtle Back Zoo, Memphis Zoo, and Pangolin Conservation.Response to Mongabay Pangolin Article (Posted Feb 9, 2018)By Lisa Hywood, CEO & Founder of Tikki Hywood Foundation, Zimbabwe and Thai Van Nguyen, Executive Director, Save Vietnam’s Wildlife, VietnamWe are writing in response to the Jan. 5 article in Mongabay entitled “U.S. Zoos Learn How to Keep Captive Pangolins Alive, Helping Wild Ones.”The article, which excluded insights from any pangolin conservation groups, asserts that the “Pangolin Consortium” – a partnership between six U.S. zoos and a non-profit organization – is saving pangolins by taking them from the wild in Togo and keeping them in U.S. zoos.One of the main problems with this rationale – that we can save pangolins by transitioning them to captive environments – is that pangolins have a very high mortality rate during capture and in captivity. As such, displaying them in zoos might require a constant flow of wild pangolins into captivity. This is something we can’t risk given pangolins are threatened with extinction and are the most trafficked mammal on earth, with over one million poached for their scales (used in traditional Asian medicine) and meat over the past decade. Indeed, pangolins are in such grave danger that the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Pangolin Specialist Group – the world’s foremost experts on pangolins – expressed serious concern with the Consortium’s actions in a recent letter to the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA).Fortunately, at a recent meeting between organizations working on pangolin conservation and the Consortium, the zoos committed to stop importing pangolins from the wild. In other words, even if those they have die; they will not be replaced with wild-caught pangolins. While we remain concerned about the way in which the Consortium acquired its original 45 pangolins, this is an extremely positive step.We are hopeful that the Consortium will now adhere to global conservation action plans developed for pangolins by the IUCN Pangolin Specialist Group, which outline the top priorities for saving such species, such as reducing consumer demand and stopping illegal trafficking. Indeed, zoos can and should be involved in saving these species – as they have other threatened animals – through actions like supporting rescue, rehabilitation and release facilities in countries that make up the pangolins’ habitat like Zimbabwe’s Tikki Hywood Foundation and Save Vietnam’s Wildlife; launching initiatives in consumer nations to help reduce the demand for pangolins; and developing digital media and awareness raising campaigns to raise the profile of pangolins globally.Pangolin populations have undergone such massive declines that we need all hands on deck to prevent the extinction of these unique animals. This means working together to carry out the conservation plans developed by pangolin experts, which prioritize protecting wild populations and their habitat and cracking down on trade—not removing pangolins from their habitat.The general public currently knows little about pangolins and their plight. Zoos can help educate people to the dangers pangolins face from wildlife trafficking. Photo by Jim Schulz courtesy of the Chicago Zoological Society Article published by Glenn Scherer Animals, Biodiversity, Biodiversity Crisis, Biodiversity Hotspots, Bushmeat, Captive Breeding, Conservation, Ecology, Ecosystems, Endangered Species, Environment, Extinction, Featured, Green, Habitat Degradation, Habitat Destruction, Habitat Loss, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Hunting, Mammals, Mass Extinction, Over-hunting, Overconsumption, Pangolins, Restoration, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking, Zoos Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Clem Daniels, an Oakland Raiders stalwart during the team’s formative years in the early 1960s, has died at 83. His passing was announced by a statement from the team.“The Raider Family mourns the loss of Clem Daniels, an integral part of the Raider organization for six decades,” the statement read. “Clem was the premier all-purpose running back in the American Football League, setting the league’s all-time rushing record, and was one of the original stars of the Silver and Black.”Daniels, a …
US President Donald Trump. Trump’s executive order prohibits travel from seven predominately Muslim countries to the U.S. Citizens of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen are covered.Today the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in California ruled against the Trump Administration’s efforts to impose the ban.The appellate courts’ move may pave the way for the ultimate issue to be decided by the U.S. Supreme Court. Bottom line: for now, at least, the ban is stayed. It’s been at least temporarily lifted.Nonetheless, travel executives remain cautious. Shortly after it was imposed late last week GBTA Executive Director and COO Michael W. McCormick said, “With 30 percent of companies expected to reduce travel, the economy will certainly take a hit.” The GBTA chief says there could be short, mid- and long term consequences. In a prepared release, GBTA concludes, “Thirty-one percent of travel professionals expect the ban to cause a reduction in their company’s business travel in the immediate ensuing three months.Similarly, nearly three in ten also expect the ban to impact to impact their company’s business in travel in both the short-term (29 percent), over the next three to six months and the long-term (28 percent) over the next six to twelve months and beyond.”By the numbers, here are the specifics behind travel professionals’ worries: – Sixty-three percent say they’re concerned as to just how other countries will respond to the ban, perhaps making it more difficult for U.S. citizens to travel abroad;– Fifty-six percent say they’re concerned about complications in travel to the U.S.;– Fifty-four percent take the long view and express worries about the lasting impact of the travel ban.That’s how a select slice of pros believe travel will be hit. But what do they think about the ban itself? The answers reflect the growing political gaps between ideologies in today’s USA. GBTA says its survey found “Half of the travel professionals surveyed strongly or somewhat strongly oppose [Trump’s] action, while nearly four in ten (38 percent) strongly or somewhat support it.”Ironically, based on United States Department of Commerce data, the U.S. Travel Association says international travel to the U.S. has just now returned to pre-9/11 levels. The U.S. lost a significant amount of ground in the international marketplace in the years after 9/11.” USTA President and CEO Roger Drew labels that period “the Lost Decade.”A final note: USTA says the U.S. is the single largest destination for global long-haul travel and the second-largest destination for overall global travel.How long it remains so might well lie in the hands of the courts.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Here in the office of Ohio’s Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net, it is painfully clear that I’m the youngest employee around. From the jokes about millennials to the life stories I have yet to relate to, let’s just say the age gap is, well, noticeable.Now that my inexperience is on full display, let’s talk something I have faced that’s unique for my age. Skin cancer has been found on my body twice in my life so far. Both times it was melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. The discovery is a bit out of the ordinary for a 23-year-old like me as the average age for melanoma diagnosis is 63, according to the American Cancer Society. We’ve kept a close eye on it ever since and that vigilance has brought me a better understanding of the dangers and precautions associated with sun exposure, something we should all keep in mind.It’s in that spirit that we recently spoke with Ohio State University Dermatologist Dr. Alisha Plotner. She said for farmers especially, the subject is too vital to overlook.“It’s an extremely important topic because we know that farming is one of the highest risk occupations when it comes to skin cancer. The reason for this primarily is just that on a normal day, there is lots of UV exposure to be had by the farmer who’s working outdoors. Whether it’s continuous outdoors in the field or in and out for buildings, there’s just a lot of cumulative UV exposure, which we also know as one of the greatest risk factors for skin cancer. It actually is the greatest risk factor — that combined with skin type,” she said. “We also know that people who have fair skin and light eyes are at particularly high risk for developing skin cancer. So it’s really critical that people in these high risk occupations are aware of the risk of skin cancers.”Plotner said no matter an individual’s background, a general knowledge of skin cancer risk is a must-have.“There are three most common types of skin cancers. Two are very clearly related to excessive UV exposure over time. That’s your most common — basal cell skin cancer and also your squamous cell skin cancer, your second most common type. Then we have melanoma, which we also know that UV exposure is a risk factor for the development of melanoma,” Plotner said. “Melanoma is a particularly concerning type of skin cancer because it can be deadly, especially when it’s invasive and so it’s very important for farmers to be aware at the health risk of the occupation.”Unlike many cancers, there are easy steps to lower the risk for such complications down the road.“Make time for a reduction of UV exposure and there are really three ways to do that,” Plotner said. “Sun avoidance, I tell all my patients, is first line. But that’s not really practical in most cases on a normal day-to-day basis because the job requires you spend some time outdoors. I encourage my patients to do UV intense activities earlier in the morning and later in the afternoon and evening if possible. If you’re arranging your work day, try to do those UV intense activities earlier in the morning, before about 10 o’clock in the morning or after 3 o’clock in the afternoon if your job would allow you to do that. Number one is just UV avoidance.”Plotner said, if possible, choose to work under some sort of shaded area like a tree or other structure offing a break from the sun in the heat of the day.“The second thing that you can do is sun protective or UV protective clothing. Unlike sunscreens, these UV protective clothing are UPF instead of SPF rated. You want to look for something that has a UPF 50. Over the years, these have really evolved — they’re very lightweight clothes. Often times my patients will be worried they’ll be hot, but we find sometimes quite the opposite by keeping UV off of skin, sometimes they’re even cooling,” she said. “So I recommend a wide brimmed hat that has at least a 3-A serious procedure: Joel Penhorwood’s arm after removing a mole that was melanoma.inch brim all the way around the head to reduce UV exposure to the face and the neck. Also, I really like sun protective clothes like a long sleeve sun shirt which would provide protection for the arms and the neck as well. By wearing a sun shirt, it eliminates the need to put on a greasy sunscreen.“And then finally I recommend sunscreen for exposed areas, so I would really encourage all of our farmers to just make it a part of their regimen when they’re getting ready for the work day in the morning, just to put at least a SPF 30 or higher sunblock on the exposed areas. Ideally we recommend reapplication throughout the day.”Plotner said she is commonly questioned on which sunscreen to wear and what SPF is best. She said surprisingly, a higher number isn’t always the best.“SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor and it’s a measurement of the degree a sunscreen’s able to reduce a patient’s threshold to burn,” Plotner said. “SPF 30 is the level recommended by the American Academy of Dermatologists. What an SPF 30 sunscreen does is it blocks about 97% of UVB, which are the burning rays. Now you can go higher on your sunblock. If you go to an SPF 50 or 70, you’re blocking maybe about 1% or 2% more rays but there is no sunscreen that blocks 100% of all of the UV rays.”Plotner said SPF 30 with reapplication every two hours stands as the general recommendation.“There are some patients who may have sun sensitive skin conditions, what we would call photosensitivity. In some cases, we’ll recommend those patients go higher and maybe choose an SPF 50 or 70, but for the general population, SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVB rays and that’s what we recommend,” she said.As far as which type of sunscreen to choose, Plotner said the “one that they’ll actually wear.” She noted that since the FDA now regulates sunscreens, there are uniform requirements sunscreens across the board now have to meet. Anything from a stick to a lotion is acceptable and sprays are also fine if used liberally enough.The removal surgery left a serious scar on Joel’s arm.“There are so many different formulations of sunscreen available that I recommend the patient experiment with the different types and find one that they’ll like and that they’ll use,” Plotter said. “Several years ago, the FDA came out and regulated sunscreens and the nice thing is that there’s now some standardization so if you go to the drugstore and you pick something that’s listed as a sunscreen, then it has to meet certain minimum criteria.”“How much sunscreen should I use? The simple answer is more than you think. Most people apply sunscreen too sparingly.”Approximately a shot glass full of sunscreen is the recommend amount to cover the entire body of an adult at the beach. Plotner said the amount would be less for farmers whose skin would be mostly covered by clothing. A quarter of a shot glass full is enough to spread between the arms face and neck.“Essentially you want to put on a layer of sunscreen that’s so thick that you can see it when you first put it on the skin and that you really have to rub in so that it evaporates.”After getting in the rhythm with those precautions, Plotner said that self skin checks are still recommended.“We recommend that you check over your own body and if you see any spots that are sore, any non-healing spots, any spots that look like persistent pimples, spots that are evenly persistently itchy or scaly that aren’t going away within a matter of weeks — those could be signs of a basal cell or a squamous cell type of skin cancer and you should have those checked,” she said. “The other things to look for on your own skin would be moles that are irregular in shape, that are large in size, that are of irregular color — so if they have multiple color throughout or if they have dark colors like blacks or blues — and then any mole that is changing. So if it just doesn’t feel right to you, it always makes sense to err on the side of caution and to get it checked.”A baseline skin exam should never be out of the question, Plotner said. Though there are some more predisposed to a checkup. Those that have personally had skin cancer should be checked at least once a year. Individuals who have a family history of melanoma or a strong family history of other types of skin cancers should be examined as well.“Just sun protect. It’s really going to pay off down the road. I mean there’s so many people in their sixties and seventies that are growing multiple skin cancers in areas that you don’t want to be thinking about having a surgery on like the nose, by the ears, the ear,” she said. “Some of these patients just say if I only would have known. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
No further details are available. We will keep this post updated as we learn more about the outage.Update: Google App Engine is back online but not without issues. Google restored the service around 10 a.m. The service was unavailable for 136 minutes. No explanation yet about why the service went down and what took so long to get it back up.Here’s the latest update:“As of 1 pm PST, we are seeing lingering write issues with a small percentage of datastore entity groups. As well, a small percentage of cron jobs are not running correctly. We believe both issues are linked to the unforeseen outage earlier today and we are treating them as high priority. We will update this thread hourly with more information going forward.” Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Google App Engine is down and there are problems with a backup data center. The problem is affecting untold number of customers. Google App Engine is a service for application developers. It provides hosting and data storage for applications.A post at 8:36 a.m. PST to the Google App Engine Group stated:“Since 7:53am PST, App Engine has been experiencing an unexpectedoutage affecting the majority of App Engine applications. The team isworking quickly to correct the cause and will have an ETA on the fixshortly. Please watch this thread for updates. We sincerely apologies for theinconvenience. “And this update was posted at 9:30 a.m. PST:“We are still actively working on the on-going outage. We’ve alsoexperienced a problem with our backup datacenter. We will continue toprovide status updates on this thread every thirty minutes. “Even the Google App engine site is down: Tags:#cloud#cloud computing#Cloud Providers#saas Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… alex williams Related Posts
Leicester defender Morgan defends under-fire Puelby Ansser Sadiq10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLeicester City defender Wes Morgan has come to the defence of under fire manager Claude Puel.The Premier League side were in good form recently, but suffered two surprising defeats to Cardiff and now Newport County in the FA Cup.The League Two side defeated Leicester, after Puel made several changes to his side.But veteran defender Morgan believes the players are to blame.”If you look at the chances and opportunities we had, we could have won that game quite easily,” Morgan said after the game.”We’ve got a good squad and the gaffer’s got the problem of finding the right balance.”He’s got to give players rest and other players opportunities.”It’s the same for every manager and every team – and I thought we were definitely strong enough.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your say
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The Peace River Regional District has rescinded the evacuation order that had been in effect for the area near the Tommy Lakes Fire north of Fort St. John.The PRRD issued the evacuation order last Saturday after high winds fanned the flames of the fire, causing it to grow rapidly over the weekend. The PRRD said this morning that as of 9:00 a.m., that evacuation order has been lifted, however, residents that were forced from their homes will continue to be on evacuation alert.The area covered by the evacuation alert is identical to the area of the previous evacuation order, and includes the following area northwest of Prespatou: Starting at the junction of the Beaton Airport Road, Birch Road and Two Creeks Road, bearing northerly along the Beaton Airport Road ending at the bridge on the Beaton River. Next bearing SE along the Beaton River continue stopping near Two Creeks road near the Beatton River; Next bearing SW along the Two Creeks Road returning to the junction of the Beaton Airport Road, Birch Road and Two Creeks Road.Residents who are under an evacuation alert should prepare for the possibility of an evacuation order by doing the following:Locating all family members or co-workers and designate a Reception Centre outside the evacuation area, should an evacuation be called while separated.Gathering essential items such as medications, eyeglasses, valuable papers (i.e. insurance), immediate care needs for dependants and, if you choose, keepsakes (photographs, etc). Have these items readily available for quick departure.Preparing to move any disabled persons and/or children.Moving pets and livestock to a safe area.Arranging to transport your household members or co-workers in the event of an evacuation order. If you need transportation assistance from the area please call 1-800-670-7773 or 250-784-3200.Arranging accommodation for your family if possible. In the event of an evacuation, Reception Centres will be opened if required.Monitoring news sources for information on evacuation orders and locations of Reception Centres.
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The Salvation Army is starting to collect donations for their Christmas Hampers and with the need increasing, more hampers are needing to be filled.The Christmas Hamper Campaign is open to anyone in the community to apply, yet unlike the Food Bank, there is an income matrix used to assess and prioritize the need. The Savation Army assesses household income vs expenses to determine the value of the hamper.Applications for hampers have been available since Nov. 1 and are available until Nov. 30. Late applicants may still be issued a hamper, but it is not guaranteed. Last year 136 hampers were filled and this year the budget is for 150 hampers. The Salvation Army is also seeking help to fill Children’s Hampers and make sure every child is able to experience the holiday spirit. For the children, last year 191 hampers were filled. Each child is given gifts that range in the price of $65-$80 which the parents are given wrapping paper to wrap the gifts and offer to their children for a real Christmas experience.There is a very real need for specific toys and items for kids aged 8 – 17 years such as; Lego, drones, remote controlled cars, barbies, gift cards to Walmart (or other stores that sell youth clothing/toys), etc.Donations can be dropped of at our Community & Family Services office, 10116 100 Ave. or by donating to Century 21’s 2nd annual Toy Drive.Hampers are picked up at our Distribution Day, Wednesday, December 19th.
Jaipur: A total of 43 candidates, including Union minister Rajyavardan Singh Rathore, filed their nomination papers Tuesday for the second phase of Lok Sabha elections in Rajasthan, officials said. As per the office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Rajasthan, the candidates filed nominations in 12 Lok Sabha constituencies. The first phase of election for 13 seats in the state will be held on April 29 while in the second phase, 12 seats go to polls on May 6. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’ Among those who filed their nomination papers Tuesday include BJP’s sitting MP from Jaipur rural, Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Sumedhanand Saraswati from Sikar and Rahul Kaswan from Churu besides Sheopat Ram of the CPI (M) from Bikaner and Congress’s Jyoti Mirdha from Nagaur. The nomination process for the second phase began in the state on Wednesday. The last date for filing nominations for the second phase is April 18. The papers will be scrutinised on April 20 and names can be withdrawn until April 22. Also Read – Farooq demands unconditional release of all detainees in J&K The 12 Lok Sabha constituencies covered in this phase are Sriganganagar, Bikaner, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Jaipur Rural, Jaipur Urban, Alwar, Bharatpur, Karauli-Dholpur, Dausa and Nagaur. A total of over 2.30 crore voters will be able to exercise their franchise at 23,783 polling stations in these constituencies. For the first phase, filing nominations for 13 Lok Sabha seats, which go to polls on April 29, has already been completed .