Organisation News TogoAfrica February 15, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Editor released from prison RSF_en Receive email alerts 02.13.2003Julien Ayi, editor of Nouvel Echo, was freed on 8 February after serving asix-month prison sentence.______________________________________________________________09.13.2002Publication director sentenced to four months’ imprisonmentOn 13 September 2002, Julien Ayi, publication director of the”Nouvel Echo”, was sentenced to four months in prison for “attacking thehonour” of the Togolese president. While not wishing to comment on the factsof the case, Reporters Without Borders recalled that, according to international human rights authorities, a sentence of imprisonment with no parole for defamation is “disproportionate” to the damage suffered by the victim. Reporters Without Borders called on President Gnassingbé Eyadéma to do everything possible to release Ayi immediately. “This sentence comes shortly after Parliament’s adoption of the new Press Code. These are two very worrying developments for press freedom in Togo,” stated Reporters Without Borders Secretary-General Robert Ménard.According to information gathered by Reporters Without Borders, Ayi was sentenced to four months’ imprisonment and fined 100,000 CFA francs (approx. 152 euros) and one franc for symbolic damages. In August, “Nouvel Echo” published an article citing the US-based “Forbes” magazine that “had appraised President Eyadéma’s personal fortune at US$4.5 billion.” The article also stated that the president was involved in trafficking of foreign currency. A few dayslater, “Forbes” said they had never named the Togolese president in its listof billionaires.Alphonse Névamé Klu, editor-in-chief of “Nouvel Echo”, who went into hidingfollowing the article’s publication, was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 CFA francs. A warrant for his arrest has been issued.Reporters Without Borders recalled that the new Togolese press code proposes heavy prison sentences for defaming or insulting the president or state institutions,courts, the armed forces, and public administration bodies. Help by sharing this information Follow the news on Togo News March 11, 2021 Find out more Convicting “petrolgate” journalist of defamation would be disastrous, RSF says September 15, 2020 Find out more to go further TogoAfrica Togolese authorities urged to lift newspaper’s four-month suspension Togo court upholds “baseless and disproportionate” newspaper closures News News March 8, 2021 Find out more
This fall Harvard will begin a yearlong celebration of its 375th anniversary. The focus will be on the future, and not the past — a feature of similar anniversaries going back to the first, in 1836. Yes, that’s right: Harvard waited until it was 200 years old to have a first birthday party, or to celebrate itself in any significant way.After that, similar events — in 1886, 1936, and 1986 — were celebrated in scale with their perceived significance. As any student of anniversaries knows, the idea of 100 years trumps 50, which in turn outweighs anniversaries that track each 25 years. So the University’s grandest celebration years were 1836, 200 years after the founding of the College, and in 1936, the 300th anniversary.But why nothing before 1836? No one seems to know for sure. Officials at the Harvard University Archives have scoured the earliest written records, which grow more scant the further back in time you go. The only likely reason for the 200 years of quietude is the notion that it’s hard to celebrate yourself if it’s hard to pay the bills. In the decades after its founding, Harvard was still a public college, dependent on the Massachusetts Bay Colony for its funding. In those same early days, donations to the college of an iron spoon or a pewter cup were worth recording.Even 150 years after Harvard’s founding, in 1786, there is a mention only by negation. On that day, the President and Fellows voted to ban for “that occasion” — presumably the anniversary — any “illumination, bonfire, or fireworks, or any other mode of rejoicing … by which they might be led into unnecessary expense at this difficult time.”There is an irony in this denial, said Megan Sniffin-Marinoff, director of the Harvard Archives, and a member of a University committee planning the 375th anniversary. Every big Harvard anniversary after 1786 — in 1836, 1886, 1936, and 1986 — included some tradition of illumination.In 1836, writer Caroline Gilman noted the “brilliant lights abroad” on the evening of Sept. 8, the day of the College’s first grand celebration of itself. And the Harvard Archives has the original plans for illuminating each window of Holworthy Hall. In the center windows was an oversized “200.” Other windows were patterned with lights in the shape of diamonds, stars, and pyramids.In 1876, the 250th anniversary, a four-day party included wagons packed with fireworks making their way up Quincy Street and gates lit with globes of fire, nighttime cannonades of rockets, and a two-hour torchlight parade by undergraduates, some of them dressed as early Puritans.In 1936, Harvard’s riverfront was lit with electric lights, while out in the Charles River barges sent up a stream of rockets and fireworks. In 1986, Harvard Stadium was the setting for a great fireworks display. For the coming 375th, there are plans to illuminate Harvard Yard in distinctly modern and high-tech ways.Everything about the ’36 celebration was on a grand scale, and represented “a seismic shift in institutional weight and presence,” wrote historian Morton Keller, Ph.D. ’56, who co-authored “Making Harvard Modern” (2001) with his wife Phyllis. The celebration lasted 10 months, not one day as in 1836. Hundreds of letters poured in from kings, queens, countries, and other universities. That summer, 70,000 visitors toured Harvard Yard, and a Sept. 17 light show on the Charles River drew 300,000 viewers. The convocation itself was preceded by two weeks of scholarly symposia in the arts and sciences. (Three sizable volumes followed from Harvard University Press.)For the final day, Sept. 18, about 15,000 guests were on hand, including 10,000 alumni. In a kind of apex of star power, the featured speaker was U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who sat gamely through heavy rains.By contrast, the 1986 celebration of 350 years was more of a happening, according to Keller. In place of the celebration of history in 1836, and the intellectual tone of 1936 was more a celebration of Harvard’s cultural and intellectual diversity.The solemn weeks of symposia that marked 1936 were replaced by what Keller called “a vast academic flea market” of 106 symposia, including events on AIDS, smoking, and the beginning of the universe. The final event of the 350th was a sound and light show at Harvard Stadium, produced by the same man whose light show had opened Disney World in Florida. There was a four-and-a-half-hour “floating birthday party” on the Charles, complete with fireworks and helium-filled arches spanning the river.
Donald Trump and WWE seem to go hand-in-hand.The 45th president of the United States is a larger-than-life personality who also happens to be the leader of the free world, and WWE has always centered on putting those types of characters into televisions and venues around the globe. Ventura was in the middle of the ring when he found Trump, who was booed by the crowd. Trump was asked what WrestleMania means to him since he had been a vital part in the history of the wrestling spectacle. Then it got strange.Being cocky about it and having a clear agenda, Ventura, who had been a former mayor and then governor of Minnesota, asked Trump if he would support him if he decided to get back into politics and run for president in the 2008 election.Right when Ventura brought up the question, you could see the grin on Trump’s face and his mind spinning, wondering why he was being asked this type of question at a wrestling event.Still smiling, Trump said he would support Ventura. You could tell it was one of those answers that was meant to appease somebody. Who knew that a little more than a decade after the conversation, Trump would be running for the Oval Office?The ‘Battle of the Billionaires’When you associate Donald Trump with the WWE, this is the event everyone talks about.It all began in January 2007 when WWE chairman Vince McMahon promoted a match on “Monday Night Raw” between Trump, who was the host of the hit reality show “The Apprentice,” and comedian Rosie O’Donnell, who was hosting a talk show at the time.SN Q&A: Rob Van Dam talks return to Impact Wrestling, Vince McMahon, moreThe two were embroiled in a bitter feud and McMahon wanted to take advantage of the publicity it was garnering. Trump and O’Donnell didn’t show up, but McMahon had two imposters wrestle, and the crowd loved it. A couple of weeks later, Trump did show up on the big screen during “Raw’s” Fan Appreciation Night, when McMahon unveiled a magazine cover of himself on Muscle and Fitness. WWE https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/sporting_news/b8/58/donald-trump-jesse-ventura-040319-ftr_eszsb34qw3xf1m0gs3x9cfard.jpg?t=-440869999&w=500&quality=80 While Trump has appeared on WWE television, his association with the pro wrestling giant is most remembered for his guest appearances at its most significant event, WrestleMania, which takes place Sunday from Met Life Stadium in East Rutherford, N.J. Trump has done it all at WrestleMania. Sporting News looks at what he has done at the “Showcase of the Immortals.”MORE: Join DAZN and watch more than 100 fight nights a yearHost of WrestleMania 4 and 5The first three WrestleManias were hugely successful, capped by a reported crowd of more than 93,000 inside the Pontiac Silverdome in Michigan for Wrestlemania 3. The event featured the long-awaited showdown between Hulk Hogan and Andre The Giant for the WWE championship. Hogan won the match that was highlighted by the megastar body-slamming Andre to the roar of the crowd. What could WWE do for an encore?Seeing the success of those events and pro wrestling being in the midst of a boom period in the United States, Trump wanted in. “I just wanted a piece of it,” Trump said on The True Story of WrestleMania. “Everybody in the country wanted this event, and we were able to get it.”WRESTLEMANIA 35Match card | Schedule | Buy PPV & ticketsTrump got more than a piece of it. Both Wrestlemania 4 and 5 were advertised to take at the Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino in Atlantic City but occurred across the road at the Atlantic City Convention Hall with Trump sponsoring the cards. Those are the only two WrestleManias to be held in the same building.In front of an announced crowd of 19,199 at Wrestlemania 4, Trump was only shown in the crowd with a couple of people. For the event the following year, with a crowd of 20,369, Trump interviewed with Sean Mooney to discuss bringing the event back to the venue and about how his casino was doing.Attending WrestleMania 7This was a rare event where Trump wasn’t the center of attention. The billionaire had a ringside seat for the show in Los Angeles alongside his then-girlfriend and future wife Marla Maples, who was a guest timekeeper and interviewer. During the show, Trump and actor Chuck Norris interviewed with “Mean” Gene Okerland.MORE: How WaleMania became WrestleMania weekend’s most anticipated eventDoing an awkward interview at WrestleMania 20Another event that Trump attended as a fan with his son, but maybe wishes he didn’t, was Wrestlemania 20. In the middle of the event inside Madison Square Garden, Trump was interviewed by WWE Hall of Famer and politician Jesse “The Body” Ventura. Trump called McMahon selfish for gloating about being on a magazine when the evening was supposed to be about the fans, so Trump did it for it him when he had thousands of dollars drop into the arena. From that segment, you could see something was going to be happening at WrestleMania 23 at Ford Field in Detroit between the two tycoons. Something would go down at the show, but with the caveat of Trump and McMahon not competing in the ring. Each guy would pick a wrestler of his choosing, with Trump and McMahon being on the outside and the legendary “Stone Cold” Steve Austin being the special guest referee.Trump picked then-ECW champion Bobby Lashley and McMahon chose Umaga. The stipulation of the match was that whichever wrestler lost, the person who selected him would have to have his head shaved bald.MORE: 10 great moments that define WrestleMania like no otherIn front of a stadium-record crowd of 80,103 and a record WWE pay-per-view audience at the time (later broken at WrestleMania 28) of 1.2 million buys, Lashley pinned Umaga, meaning McMahon would have to go bald. During the match, Trump speared McMahon on the outsideDespite significant resistance, Trump, Lashley, and Austin were able to get McMahon into a barber’s chair and had his head shaved. All wasn’t well for Trump, though, as Austin hit his patented Stone Cold Stunner to end the segment. The involvement of Trump made WrestleMania 23 a huge success. He was extremely popular at the time due to the success of his TV show, and his personality is tailor-made for pro wrestling. WWE https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/sporting_news/9e/9f/donald-trump-vince-mcmahon-040319-ftr_fe91t99a1yl71iuv22yobnjcj.jpg?t=-439152511&w=500&quality=80 WWE Hall of FamerThe day before WrestleMania 29 in 2013, Trump became the sixth celebrity to be inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame. Trump, entering the celebrity wing, lauded his longtime relationship with McMahon. Then Trump went into bragging mode when he brought up the financial success of WrestleMania 23 and hinted it was due to him. Trump ended his speech as only he could, with another challenge to McMahon.”I will challenge @VinceMcMahon to a fight next year and I will kick his ass… Kick. His. Ass.” – @RealDonaldTrump #WWEHOF— WWE WrestleMania (@WrestleMania) April 7, 2013